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Prescribing Laws & Regulations by State


OPIOID PRESCRIBING information regulations GUIDELINES by state

State Prescribing Guidelines 


A Health Care Professional's Toolbox to Reverse the Opioid Epidemic

Officials Announce Plan Opioid Crisis

Opioids in Alabama


Alaska State Opioid Prescribing Policy Guide

Alaska Opioid Task Force

ASHNHA Opioid Crisis: State & Nationwide


Arizona Clinical Opioid Guidelines & References

Arizona Medical Association Opioid Prescribing Safety

Opioid Prescribing Regulations:
Link to Statutes
Link to Rules  

2018 Arizona Opioid Act 

Prescribing Information 


Arkansas Senate Bill 717

ASMB Proposes New Rules

Arkansas Medical Society: Professional Resources, Prescription Drug Abuse

Arkansas Emergency Department Opioid Prescribing Guidelines


California Medical Board Prescribing Guidelines in Pain

California DPH Guidance Letter

California DPH Introduction to Prescribing Guidelines Comparison

California DPH Resource for Opioid Prescribers


Colorado Policy for Prescribing and Dispensing Opioids

Opioid Prescribing Call To Action

Pain Management Resources and Opioid Use


Connecticut Opioid Abuse Laws

Connecticut State Medical Society Opioid Resources

Backgrounder: Medicaid & Opioids


Delaware Prescribing Rules

MSD: Opioid Abuse and Prescribing

Opioid Addiction Resources


Florida State Opioid Prescribing Guidelines

Florida Counterfeit Proof Prescription Pad Vendors FAQ

Florida's Opioid Crisis


Georgia Pain Management Rules

Medical Association of Georgia Six Point Platform

Georgia's Opioid Epidemic and Ways to Get Help


Hawaii Board of Medical Examiners Pain Management Guidelines

Hawaii Emergency Department Opioid Prescribing Guidelines

The-Hawaii-Opioid-Initiative, A Statewide Response


Idaho Board of Medicine Use of Opioid Analgesics in Treatment of Chronic Pain

Idaho Board of Medicine Opioid & Controlled Substance Prescribing Resources

Idaho's Response to the Opioid Crisis: Impact on Physicians and Other Prescribers


Illinois Controlled Substance Act

Illinois State Medical Society Opioid Resources

Illinois Opioid Action Plan


Indiana State Medical Association Opioid Prescribing Controlled Substances

Indiana Overdose Prevention Resources

Indiana General Assembly Senate Bill 226: Prescribing and Dispensing of Opioids


Iowa Medical Board Regulations Pain Management

Iowa Medical Society Opioid Resources

Iowa Pharmacy Board E-prescribing Controlled Substances


Kansas Joint Policy Statement: Use of Controlled Substances for the Treatment of Pain

Kansas HB 2217: Standards Governing The Use and Administration of Emergency Opioid Antagonists


Kentucky Professional Standards for Prescribing and Dispensing Controlled Substances

Kentucky Prescribing Substance Abuse Screening & Treatment Resources

2018 Kentucky Legislative Initiatives


Louisiana Opioid Prescription Policy Update

Louisiana Short Acting Opioid Prescription Policy Update

Louisiana Department of Health: Opioid Fact Sheet


Maine Opioid Prescription Requirements

Maine Medical Association Opioid Law Q&A

What you Need to Know About Maine's New Opioid Prescribing Law


Maryland Opioid Prescribing Guidance & Policy

Maryland Board of Physicians Opioid Prescribing Guidance

Overdose Prevention in Maryland

Maryland Medicaid Opioid Prescribing Guidance & Policy


Massachusetts Law About Prescription Medication

Commonwealth of Massachusetts Department of Industrial Accidents Workers Compensation Opioid & Controlled Substance Protocol

The Massachusetts Opioid Epidemic

Massachusetts Medical Society Opioid Therapy & Physician Communication Guidelines


Michigan Opioid Laws & FAQs

Michigan Department of Health & Human Services - Opioid Treatment Resources

State of Michigan SB 274

Michigan State Medical Society - Reversing the Opioid Epidemic


Minnesota Medical Association Prescription Opioid Task Force

Minnesota Opioid Prescribing Rules

Minnesota Opioid Prescribing Improvement Program

Minnesota State Targeted Response to the Opioid Crisis


Mississippi Medical Board Regulations

Mississippi Opioid Prescribing Rules

Summary of Proposed Regulation Changes to 2640

How Does Mississippi's Response To Excessive Opioid Prescribing Compare To Other States


Missouri Guidelines for the Use of Controlled Substances for the Treatment of Pain

Controlled Substance Guidelines for EMS

Missouri Controlled Substance Guidelines for Practitioners


Montana Guidelines for the Use of Controlled Substances for the Treatment of Pain

Reducing Prescription Misuse, Abuse and Diversion in Montana

Montana Prescribing and Dispensing Profile


Nebraska Pain Management Guidance Document

Nebraska Opioid Prescribing Resource

Nebraska Drug Overdose Prevention Homepage


Nevada Assembly Bill 474

Nevada Resources for Prescribing Controlled Substances

Nevada Prescription Drug Abuse Prevention 


New Hampshire Opioid Prescribing

New Hampshire Medical Society Opioid Prescribing Resources

New Hampshire Prescribing Opioids for Pain Management


New Jersey Prescribing for Pain Opioid Law

Controlled Dangerous Substances and Special Consideration for Managing Acute and Chronic Pain

New Jersey Opioid Abuse Prevention


New Mexico Guidelines on Prescribing Opioids for Treatment of Pain

Review of CDC Guidelines

Prescription Drug Misuse and Overdose Prevention and Pain Management Advisory Council


New York Prescribing and Dispensing Controlled Substances

New York State Laws Governing Opioids and Controlled Substances

NY: Limited Initial Opioid Prescribing


North Carolina Strengthen Opioid Misuse Prevention Act

North Carolina Medical Board Professional Resources Responsible Opioid Prescribing

North Carolina Policy for the use of Opioids For the Treatment of Pain

The STOP Act Summary


North Dakota Medical Board Opioid Abuse Prevention a Review of Best Practice Approaches

North Dakota Prescribing and Dispensing Profile

Preventing Prescription Drug Opioid Abuse

Addressing Opioid Drug Abuse in North Dakota


Ohio Mental Health and Addiction Services Opioid Prescribing Guidelines

State Board of Ohio Opioid Prescribing Resources

Ohio State Board of Pharmacy New Requirements for Opioid Prescriptions


Oklahoma Opioid Prescribing Guidelines

Oklahoma Medical Board Use of Controlled Substances for Pain

Oklahoma Prescribing and Dispensing Guidelines


Oregon Opioid Prescribing Guidelines

Oregon Medical Association Practice Help Center Opioid Epidemic

OHSU Guideline for Safe Chronic Opioid Therapy for Patients with Chronic Non-Cancer Pain

Oregon Pain Guidance Provider and Community Resource: Opioid Prescribing Guidelines


Pennsylvania Department of Health Opioid Prescribing Guidelines

Pennsylvania Medical Society Tools You Can Use Opioids

Pennsylvania's New Opioid Laws And How They Impact Physicians


Rules and Regulations for Pain Management, Opioid Use and the Registration of Distributors of Controlled Substances in Rhode Island

State of Rhode Island Department of Health Safe Opioid Prescribing

State of Rhode Island Department of Health Existing Opioid Regulations


Revised Pain Management Guidelines South Carolina State Boards of Dentistry, Medical Examiners, Nursing and Pharmacy 2017

South Carolina Department of Health Opioid Resources

South Carolina State Board of Medical Examiners: Pain Management Guidelines

South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control New Schedules for Controlled Substances


South Dakota Controlled Substance Registration for Practitioners

SD Statewide Response to the Opioid Crisis

South Dakota Department of Health Prescription Opioid Abuse Prevention Initiative

The Journal of the South Dakota Medical Association: Addressing the Challenges of Prescribing Controlled Drugs


Tennessee Laws & Policies

Tennessee Chronic Pain Guidelines

Tennessee Pain Clinic Rules

Tennessee Pain Clinic Guidelines

Tennessee Medical Association Member Resource Center


Texas Medical Board Minimum Requirements for the Treatment of Chronic Pain

Texas Medical Association House of Delegates: Responsible Opioid Prescribing for Pain Management

Texas Medical Board Pain Management Clinic Registration

Texas State Board of Pharmacy: Information Regarding Controlled Substances


Utah Clinical Guidelines on Prescribing Opioids for Treatment of Pain

Utah Medical Association: Controlled Substances: Education for the Prescriber

Utah Department of Health, Violence & Injury Prevention Program: Prescription Opioid Deaths


Vermont Department of Health: Regulations For Opioid Prescribing for Pain

Vermont Department of Health, Vermont Medical Society Opioid and VPMS Rules Summary

Vermont Medical Society: Opiate Prescribing & Substance Use Disorder Information


Virginia Regulations Governing Prescribing of Opioids and Buprenorphine

Dear Prescriber Letter from the VA Department of Health Professionals

Medical Society of Virginia: Mandatory Prescribing Regulations for Treating Pain and Addiction


Washington State ESHB 1427

Interagency Guidelines on Prescribing Opioids for Pain: Developed by the Washington State Agency Medical Directors’ Group (AMDG)

Washington State Department of Health: Pain Management Resources


West Virginia Board of Medicine Management of Pain Act

Substance Abuse in West Virginia: The Road Forward

Best Practices for Prescribing Opioids in West Virginia

A Guide to State Opioid Prescribing Policy: West Virginia


Wisconsin Medical Examining Board Opioid Prescribing Guidelines

Wisconsin Department of Health Services Provider Resources: Opioids

Wisconsin State Legislature 961.385 Prescription Drug Monitoring Program

Wisconsin Medical Society: Opioid Prescribing Principles


Wyoming Controlled Substances Act/Rule 2017 & WORx

Wyoming State Board of Pharmacy: Controlled Substance Registration

Workers' Compensation Division Treatment Guidelines for Chronic Non-Malignant Pain

Wyoming Department of Health: Opioid Abuse Data and Resources


DC Emergency Department Opioid Prescribing Guidelines

The DC Center for Rational Prescribing

The District of Columbia Prescribing and Dispensing Profile

The District of Columbia Department of Health: Getting Patients Off of Opioids

More Resources: 

State Prescribing Laws  - NCSL

Opioid Regulations by State -- Athena  Health 

State & Federal Prescribing Strategies


In partnership with CDC’s National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, PHLP created menus summarizing some of the legal strategies states have used to address prescription drug misuse, abuse, and overdose.

View Website Here Prescription Drugs

  • Menu of Doctor Shopping Lawspdf icon[PDF 335KB]
    An inventory of state legal strategies to help assess doctor shopping laws. Doctor shopping is when a patient visits multiple healthcare practitioners to obtain controlled substances without the prescribers’ knowledge of the other prescriptions.

Learn more about prescription drug overdose on

CDC’s Injury Prevention & Controlpage.

View CQ StateTrack reports on recent legal developments concerning opioids:

(Large files; might take several minutes to load)

Federal resources

Federal Resources

Centers for Disease Control information on the opioid epidemic.Centers for Disease Control

DEA’s 360 Strategy responds to the heroin and prescription opioid pill crisis with a three-pronged strategy: Law Enforcement, Diversion, and Community Outreach.Drug Enforcement Administration

National Institute of Health's National Institute on Drug Abuse information on opioid use and addiction.National Institute on Drug Abuse – National Institutes of Health

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services offers information on prevention, treatment, and recovery.U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

State-Specific Resources

Autofill Limits and Decreasing Opioid Counts

Trump Administration's Opioid Progress

The U.S. Department of Health & Human Services
Hubert H. Humphrey Building

200 Independence Avenue, S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20201
Toll Free Call Center: 1-877-696-6775

Department Contacts: 

Department-wide Contact Lists

HHS Leadership

HHS Public Affairs Contacts

HHS Freedom of Information Act Contacts

HHS Grant Officials

HHS Small Business Staff and Specialists

HHS Chief Financial Officers and Services Contacts

HHS Heads of Contracting Activity and Key Managers

State & Local Agency Contacts

Child Care and Development Fund State and Territory Contacts

Child Support and Tribal Child Support Agencies - PDF

Eldercare Locator

Energy Assistance (LIHEAP)

Head Start Locator

Health Insurance (

HHS Office for Civil Rights Headquarters and Regional Addresses

Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Program Contacts

Public Health Departments (States and Territories)

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)

AHRQ logo

The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's mission is to produce evidence to make health care safer, higher quality, more accessible, equitable, and affordable, and to work within HHS and with other partners to make sure that the evidence is understood and used.

Visit AHRQ for more info

Assistant Secretary for Health (ASH)

ASH advises on the nation's public health and oversees HHS' U.S. Public Service (PHS) for the Secretary.

Visit ASH for more info

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

CDC logo

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, part of the Public Health Service, protects the public health of the nation by providing leadership and direction in the prevention and control of diseases and other preventable conditions, and responding to public health emergencies.

Please direct all inquiries to CDC-INFO at 

1-800-CDC-INFO (1-800-232-4636)

Use this form

Visit CDC for more info

Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)

CMS Logo

The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services combines the oversight of the Medicare program, the federal portion of the Medicaid program and State Children's Health Insurance Program, the Health Insurance Marketplace, and related quality assurance activities.

Visit CMS for more info

Departmental Appeals Board (DAB)

DAB provides impartial review of disputed legal decisions involving HHS. 

Visit DAB for more info

Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

FDA logo

The Food and Drug Administration, part of the Public Health Service, ensures that food is safe, pure, and wholesome; human and animal drugs, biological products, and medical devices are safe and effective; and electronic products that emit radiation are safe.

Visit FDA for more info

Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)

HRSA logo

The Health Resources and Services Administration, part of the Public Health Service, provides health care to people who are geographically isolated, economically or medically vulnerable.

Visit HRSA for more info

Immediate Office of the Secretary (IOS)

IOS oversees the Secretary’s operations and coordinates the Secretary’s work.

Visit IOS for more info

Indian Health Service (IHS)

IHS Logo

The Indian Health Service, part of the Public Health Service, provides American Indians and Alaska Natives with comprehensive health services by developing and managing programs to meet their health needs.

Visit IHS for more info

National Institutes of Health (NIH)

NIH logo

The National Institutes of Health, part of the Public Health Service, supports biomedical and behavioral research with the United States and abroad, conducts research in its own laboratories and clinics, trains promising young researchers, and promotes collecting and sharing medical knowledge.

Visit NIH for more info

Office for Civil Rights (OCR)

OCR ensures that individuals receiving services from HHS-conducted or -funded programs are not subject to unlawful discrimination, that individuals and entities can exercise their conscience rights and religious freedom, and that individuals can access and trust the privacy and security of their health information. 

Visit OCR for more info


Disability Rights Resources by State

Find Disability Rights Organizations in your State:

AlabamaAlaskaArizonaArkansasCaliforniaColoradoConnecticutDelawareFloridaGeorgiaHawaiiIdahoIllinois▪  IndianaIowaKansasKentuckyLouisianaMaineMarylandMassachusettsMichiganMinnesotaMississippiMissouriMontanaNebraskaNevadaNew HampshireNew JerseyNew MexicoNew YorkNorth CarolinaNorth DakotaOhioOklahomaOregonPennsylvaniaRhode IslandSouth CarolinaSouth DakotaTennesseeTexasUtah.  ▪ Vermont.▪  Virginia. ▪ Washington. ▪ West VirginiaWisconsinWyoming*District of Columbia

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

ADA law is enforced by agencies like the Department of Justice and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Many disability advocacy groups like the American Association of People with Disabilities or the National Organization on Disability advocate for implementation of the law.

The ADA is a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities in all areas of public life, including jobs, schools, transportation, and all public and private places that are open to the general public.

The ADA law does prohibit discrimination against individuals with disabilities who have chronic pain, as well as people in recovery from opioid and substance use disorders. People with disabilities who use medically prescribed opioids for pain cannot be discriminated against in access to employment and government programs, for example. However, the ADA law does not address the prescribing decisions of doctors.

The National Council on Independent Living (NCIL) Chronic Pain/ Opioids Task Force has written a letter about chronic pain to U.S. senators and representatives that has been signed by many organizations: 

In this letter, the organizations push back against one size fits all policy making approach to prescribing, unintended consequences that risk patient safety, and the need for comprehensive care. This letter does an excellent job describing the policy issues related to pain and opioid use and is recommended reading.

A description of Self-Advocacy and the materials and links on this page.

A description of the Americans with Disabilities Act, its history, and each part of the Act.

Information and materials you and other self-advocates can use to explain and understand Olmstead, Medicaid Waivers, and other concepts.

Five Minutes of Olmstead Podcasts.

Find Olmstead, Advocacy, Medicaid and other resources in your state.

The best websites on Olmstead and related information




Link to Contact Your:  State PDMP 









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New Hampshire

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